Breed Group: Sporting Group
Shoulder Height: 21-24 in.
Weight: 60-75 lb.
Life Span: 10-12 years
- The Golden Retriever is the third most popular dog breed in the United States
- Its popularity reached a peak in the nineties thanks in large part to family films featuring the breed
- It was originally developed in the 1800s for Scottish wildfowl hunting
- Golden Retrievers excel at dog agility
Golden Retrievers are widely known for being extremely intelligent and sociable dogs. Though they require a great deal of mental and physical exercise, they make up for it by being easily trainable and very friendly. This makes Golden Retrievers possibly the best large breed for children and families.
However, Golden Retrievers also possess extremely long and flowing coats. This means they require near constant grooming and are not as suitable for warm environments as other large breeds. Shedding is not as much of a problem on Golden Retrievers, however, but seasonal blowing is still an occurrence.
Golden Retrievers are a larger breed and so are susceptible to a number of problems associated with large breeds.
- Like Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers enjoy eating. Without exercise, they will develop serious obesity
- Hip and elbow dysplasia is a common problem with Golden Retrievers
- Cancers such as hemangiosarcoma, lymphosarcoma, mast cell tumors and osteosarcoma account for more than half of all deaths
- Glaucoma is another disease that occurs with regular frequency in the breed
- Hot Spots (acute moist dermatitis) are relatively common in this breed
- Presidents Ronald Reagan and Gerald R. Ford kept Golden Retrievers named Victory and Liberty, respectively
- The popularity of the breed surged following its appearance in the Air Bud and Homeward Bound series of family films
Photo ©iStock.com/GlobalP, ©iStock.com/SasoNovoselic