House soiling behavior is a major cause of stress to many cat owners. It can occur due to either a medical problem or a behavior problem and to resolve it properly, we need to work out which it is. That’s not always easy.
The main medical cause of inappropriate urination is feline lower urinary tract disease, which is characterized by straining to urinate, frequent licking of the genital area and there may even be blood in the urine. Causes include bacterial infections and bladder stones, but for a large number of affected cats, an exact cause can’t be identified. One trigger for these symptoms can also be psychological stress, which means that the boundary between medical and behavioral causes of lower urinary tract disease may be blurred.
Other reasons for inappropriate urination can include marking territory, attention seeking and even a dislike for a particular litter box or litter.
If your cat's urination behavior has changed or become a problem, your first port of call is your veterinarian to rule out medical causes. Then, your cat’s behavior and stress levels can be evaluated and a management plan can be developed.
There are several good articles on LovePets that cover these topics in greater detail, and they’re well worth reading. Feling Lower Urinary Tract Disease 101
Urine Marking in Cats
5 Ways to Stop Territorial Spraying in Cats
| 04.25.16 @ 23:51