Breed Group: Toy Group
Shoulder Height: 12 in.
Weight: 14-18 lb.
Life Span: 13 years
Colors: Black, fawn
- The early history of the Pug is unknown. It is generally accepted that the breed came to Europe during the Renaissance from China.
- The breed became the official dog of the House of Orange after a Pug alerted his prince to approaching assassins.
- They continue to be extremely popular dogs worldwide because of their comedic appearance and attitudes and their easy-going nature.
The Pug is a superstar in the dog world with families and individuals alike. An extremely distinct breed — as in, you know a Pug the instant you see him — they are popular dogs to crossbreed with other breeds to make even more distinctive dogs. The Beagle, in particular, is a favorite with the “Puggle” being one of the most popular mutts in the United States right now.
Pugs are popular subjects for crossbreeding for more than just their looks. There are some problems with the pure breed mostly due to their physical features. Where most short-haired breeds are easy to take care of because they do not require a lot of grooming, the Pug is not one of those. The breed is notorious for shedding massive amounts of hair during the change of season, so you will constantly be vacuuming just to keep it under control. This also means the breed is not ideal if you have bad allergies.
That fact aside, though, Pugs are wonderful apartment dogs because of their small size. They have enough energy to be amusing when the fancy comes to them, but they do not require a lot of exercise. Pugs also have greatly individual personalities; no two Pugs are ever quite the same. So if you need a good companion to liven up your household, you cannot find a better one.
The only consistent thing about Pugs is their sweet temperament. They work great with other pets as well as children.
The Pug is a Toy breed, so individuals do not have a lot of problems that cannot be avoided.
- Pugs do have short snouts, so overheating can become a problem.
- Their short faces also mean they are prone to reverse sneezing, though these episodes are rarely harmful.
- The most common health problems with the Pug are concerned with the eyes. Fat buildup can limit the dog’s vision. Eye prolapse, a condition that causes the eye to pop out of its socket, is another common problem that can usually be fixed by a vet.
- The breed is quite prone toward obesity.
- The popularity of the breed means that they is susceptible to inbreeding from puppy mills. Make sure you only purchase from a certified breeder.
- The first Pugs brought over from China were named Lamb and Moss. The ancestor to the English and American pug lines has been traced back to their pup, Click.
- The Pug who saved the life of the Prince of Orange was named Pompey.
- Queen Victoria of England and Josephine, the wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, both kept Pugs.
- Some celebrities who own Pugs include Tori Spelling, Jessica Alba, and Sir Winston Churchill.
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